The Journal of History     Winter 2007    TABLE OF CONTENTS

Who is Israel?


Gen. 25:28 "And Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison; but Rebecca loved Jacob."

Gen. 25:29 "And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and he was faint:"

Gen. 25:30 "And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom."

This is from where we obtain the Edomites.

Gen. 25:31 "And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy birthright."

Gen. 25:32 "And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to me?"

Gen. 25:33 "And Jacob said, Swear to me this day: and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob."

Gen. 25:34 "Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright."

Gen. 26:4 God said to Isaac: "And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;"

Gen. 26:34 "And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite:"

Gen. 26:35 "Which were a grief of mind unto Isaac and to Rebecca."

Pastor James wrote the following so as to provide explanation between the Edomites and Canaanites:

"Essentially, the Edomites are one and the same with the Canaanites. Their name was simply changed from Canaan to Edom when Esau, contrary to the Law of God, intermarried with the Hittites, the very people that God had condemned to extermination. Esau, Jacob's brother, was, therefore, a traitor to the will of Yahweh, [God's name is Yahweh] who had cast the fallen angels down to earth for judgment. The name of Edom therefore became synonymous with 'traitor'."

Gen. 27:1 "And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him. My son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I.

Gen. 27:2 "And he said, Behold now, I am old. I know not the day of my death:"

Gen. 27:3 "Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take me some venison:"

Gen. 27:4 "And make me savoury meat, such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless thee before I die."

Gen. 27:5 "And Rebecca heard when Isaac spake to Esau his son. And Esau went to the field to hunt for venison, and to bring it."

Gen. 27:6 "And Rebecca spake unto Jacob her son, saying, Behold, I heard thy father speak unto Esau thy brother, saying,"

Gen. 27:7 "Bring me venison, and make me savoury meat that I may eat, and bless thee before the LORD before my death."

Gen. 27:8 "Now therefore, my son, obey my voice according to that which I command thee."

Gen. 27:9 "Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids of the goats; and I will make them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth:"

Gen. 27:10 "And thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he may eat, and that he may bless thee before his death."

Gen. 27:11 "And Jacob said to Rebecca his mother, Behold Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man:"

Gen. 27:12 "My father peradventure will feel me, and I shall seem to him as a deceiver; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing."

Gen. 27:13 "And his mother said unto him, Upon me be thy curse, my son: only obey my voice, and go fetch me them."

Gen. 27:14 "And he went, and fetched, and brought them to his mother; and his mother made savoury meat, such as his father loved."

Gen. 27:15 "And Rebecca took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son:"

Gen. 27:16 "And she put the skins of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck:"

Gen. 27:17 "And she gave the savoury meat and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob."

Gen. 27:18 "And he came unto his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I; who art thou, my son?"

Gen. 27:19 "And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau, thy firstborn: I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me."

Gen. 27:20 "And Isaac said unto his son, How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son? And he said, Because the LORD God brought it to me."

Gen. 27:21 "And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not."

Gen. 27:22 "And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau."

Gen. 27:23 "And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau's hands: so he blessed him."

Gen. 27:24 "And he said, art thou my very son Esau? And he said, I am ."

Gen. 27:25 "And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son's venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat; and he brought him wine, and he drank."

Gen. 27:26 "And his father Isaac said unto him, Come near now, and kiss me, my son."

Gen. 27:27 "And he came near, and kissed him: and he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, and said, See, the smell my son is as the smell of a field which the LORD hath blessed:"

Gen. 27:28 "Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine."

Gen. 27:29 "Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee."

Gen. 27:30 "And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting."

Gen. 27:31 "And he also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let my father arise, and eat of his son's venison, that thy soul may bless me."

Gen. 27:32 "And Isaac his faher said unto him, Who art thou? And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau."

Gen. 27:33 "And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be blessed."

Gen. 27:34 "And when Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said unto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father."

Gen. 27:35 And he said, Thy brother came with subtilty, and hath taken away thy blessing."

Gen. 27:36 "And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me?"

Gen. 27:37 "And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I given to him for servants; and with corn and wine have I sustained him: and what shall I do now unto thee, my son?"

Gen. 27:38 "And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice and wept."

Gen. 27:39 "And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above."

Gen. 27:40 "And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck."

Gen. 27:41 "And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob."

Gen. 27:42 "And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebecca: and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill thee."

Gen. 27:43 "Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; and arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran;"

Gen. 27:44 "And tarry with him a few days, until thy brother's fury turn away;

Gen. 27:45 "Until thy brother's anger turn away from thee, and he forget that which thou hast done to him: then I will send, and fetch thee from thence: why should I be deprived also of you both in one day?"

Gen. 27:46 "And Rebecca said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: If Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?

Gen. 28:1 "And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and said unto him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan."

Gen. 28:8 "And Esau seeing that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac his father;"

Gen. 28:9 "Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took unto the wives which he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham's son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his wife."

Gen. 28:10 "And Jacob went out from Beer-sheba, and went toward Haran."

Gen. 28:11 "And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep."

Gen. 28:12 "And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven; and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it."

Gen. 28:13 "And, behold the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed;"

Gen. 28:14 "And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed."

Gen. 28:15 "And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of."

Gen. 28:16 "And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew it not."

Gen. 28:17 "And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven."

Gen. 28:18 "And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it."

Gen. 28:19 "And he called the name of that place Beth-el: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first."

Gen. 28:20 "And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,"

Gen. 28:21 "So that I come again to my father's house in peace, then shall the LORD be my God:"

Gen. 28:22 "And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee."

Gen. 32:28 "And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed."

This is the definitive sentence in this entire dialogue; Israel is a man whose previous name was Jacob, the second born son who the Bible states in Gen. 25:23 "...the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder, which was Esau, shall serve the younger."

Gen. 35:10 "And God said unto him [Jacob], Thy name is Jacob: they name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel."

Gen. 35:11 "And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply: a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins;"

Gen. 35:12 "And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land."

Gen. 35:13 "And God went up from him in the place where he talked with him."

Gen. 35:22 "And it came to pass, when Israel dwelt in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine: and Israel heard it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve:"

Gen. 35:23 "the sons of Leah: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulon:"

Gen. 35:24 "The sons of Rachel: Joseph, and Benjamin:"

Gen. 35:25 "And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid: Dan, and Naphtali:"

Gen. 35:26 "And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid: Gad, and Asher: these are the sons of Jacob, which were born to him in Padan-aram.

These twelve sons are the twelve tribes of Israel.

Gen. 36:1 "Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom."

Recall how Esau was given the name, Edom, earlier in this article.

Gen. 36:2 "Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite;"

Gen. 36:3 "And Bashemath Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebajoth.

Gen. 36:6 "And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob."

Gen. 36:7 "For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle.

Gen. 36:8 "Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom."

Gen. 36:43 "Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites."

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