TRUE DEMOCRACY SPRING 2001 TABLE OF CONTENTS
References for History of Police Brutality by Sundiata Keita
1 . Quoted in Herbert Shapiro, White Violence and the Black Response: From
Reconstruction to Montgomery (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts
1988), p. 501, n. 10.
2. National Institute of Justice and the U.S. Justice Department, Use of
Force By Police: Overview of National and Local Data (Washington, D.C.: U.S.
Justice Department, 1999), p. 3.
3. Hugo Adam Bedau, "The Case Against The Death Penalty," American Civil
Liberties Union, http://www.aclu.org/library/case_against_death.html#unfair;
Bureau of Justice Statistics, "Capital Punishment 1977"; Death Row USA,"
4 . The Death Penalty Information Center,
5 . Robert Hanley, "Inquiry Ordered in Police Killing of Suspect," New York
Times, December 12, 2000, Sec. A p. 1; Jet 29 June 1998, pp. 10-18, Jet 13
July 1998, pp. 14-16.
6 . National Institute of Justice and the U.S. Justice Department, "Police
Attitudes toward Abuse of Authority: Findings From a National Study,"
Research in Brief (May 2000), p. 3.
References and Resources
Sundiata Keita Cha-Jua, "A Warlike Demonstration': Legalism, Violent
Self-help and Electoral Politics, in Decatur, Illinois, 1894-1898," Journal
of Urban History 26 (July 2000), pp. 591-629.
Civil Rights Congress, We Charge Genocide: The Crime of Government Against
the Negro People (New York: Civil Rights Congress, 1951).
Database of Abusive Police,
Saidiya Hartman, Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in
Nineteenth Century America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
Gerald Horne, Fire This Time: the Watts Uprising and the 1960s
(Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1995).
Tera W. Hunter, "To Joy My Freedom": Southern Black Women Lives and Labors
After the Civil War (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998).
National Institute of Justice and the U.S. Justice Department, Use of Force
By Police: Overview of National and Local Data (Washington, D.C.: U.S.
Justice Department, 1999).
NAACP, Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States: 1889-1918 (1919,
New York: Arno Press and New York Times, 1969).
Charles David Phillips, "Exploring Relations Among Forms of Social Control:
The Lynching and Execution of Blacks in North Carolina, 1889-1918," Law and
Society Review 21 (1987), pp. 361-374.
Police Compliant Center, http://policecompliantcenter.com. The Police
Compliant Center assists victims of police abuse with reporting incidents of
police misconduct to authorities. PCC uses the technology to investigate and
document complaints of police abuse.
Herbert Shapiro, White Violence and the Black Response: From Reconstruction
to Montgomery (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988).
Stewart E. Tolnay, and E.M. Beck, Festival of Violence: An Analysis of
Southern Lynching, 1882-1930 (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Police Practices and Civil Rights in New
York City (Washington, DC: U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, 2000).